Carnivorous (lat. Carnivora — “flesh-eating”) is a detachment of the placental mammals ( Mammalia ), consisting of sub-units dog-like family ( Caniformia ) and maskoobraznym ( Feliformia ). 11 modern families of prey contain about 270 species in 110 genera and are distributed almost worldwide. The vast majority of the squad are classic carnivores, hunting mainly vertebrates. Predatory sometimes is also divided into two groups that are very different from each other in their mode of life: terrestrial Carnivora ( Fissipedia ) and pinnipeds ( Pinnipedia )
Carnivora scientific name in Latin means “flesh-eating” and consists of two roots — caro (born. p. carnis ) ‘meat’ and vorare “devour, swallow”.
Many predatory eat not only meat. Bear ( Ursidae ) are opportunistic omnivores. some species such as the giant Panda and does specialize in plant nutrition. The small pandas, badgers, olingo, kinkajou, raccoons-Poloskov and raccoon dogs vegetarian food also makes up a significant, if not the main part of their menu. Continue reading
We all know that water is life. Without water can’t live no living creature. And the first life originated in water. Fish one of the many live organisms living in the aquatic environment. They live in the oceans and seas, rivers and lakes. You can see them in the pond and the stream, in the waters of caves and even in puddles. In nature, there are over 25,000 species of fish, and they are divided into two classes: Bony fish (more than 23 000 species); Cartilaginous fishes (9000 species).
To the class of cartilaginous fish include sharks, rays and chimeras. To the class of bony fish include salmon. okuneobraznyh. preobrazenie. clupeiformes. Cypriniformes, catfishes, wildcookie, flatfish, coloscopie.
Fish are cold blooded vertebrates. their streamlined body covered with scales. They breathe with gills, and with the help of fins and tail to swim. Water entering the body through the mouth, passes through the gills, and spilling over her holes. Oxygen enters the bloodstream of fish through the thin membrane of the gills. Do fish have paired fins (pectoral and abdominal), which are located on the sides and unpaired, located on the median vertical plane of the body (back, tail, and anal). Fins help fish to steer, brake, accelerate and keep the balance. Continue reading
The fish fauna of the Black sea is peculiar. The class of fishes that includes about 20 000 species, is divided into two sharply distinct branches — the cartilaginous and bony fish. In the Black sea are mainly of bony fish and only four cartilaginous family: cat sharks, prickly sharks, common stingrays and stingrays. Out of 167 species of sea fish of 37 species is primarily freshwater, 27 – 103 and brackish – marine. A significant part of the primary freshwater species that live in coastal lakes and river estuaries, can tolerate some salinization of water. Many of them (several species of herring, almost all servie fish, etc.) are semi-migratory and passage species, and some species are fully adapted to marine conditions of life.
Most of the group of brackish-water fishes of marine origin can withstand large desalination, and others (several species of gobies, etc.) live in fresh water. It is autochthonous relict species characteristic of the Ponto-Caspian basin. Their origin is connected with seas that filled the black sea geosyncline during the Neogene. In the third group — marine fish — can distinguish Continue reading