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Fish of the Black sea

The fauna of the Black sea is varied and unusual. Their total number is sufficiently large. Many of the species listed in the Red book. There are some that are of great importance in fisheries. Some live here permanently, or come seasonally.

All the fish in the Black sea can be divided into two categories: cartilage and bone. Mainly it is home to bony fish, cartilaginous only four species. These include manta rays, stingrays, and cat sharks spiny. Can be found as freshwater species, and marine.

Mackerel

The body of the fish is elongated, laterally flattened and covered with thick scales. Can be big or little size. Thermophilic fish, leading an active lifestyle from may to September. Moves to warmer places. Has a great industrial value. Continue reading

The inhabitants of the sea and ocean underwater inhabitants of the oceans

Ocean life is very interesting. Who lives at the bottom of the ocean, where the very deep? Let’s try to find out more.

Flying fish accelerates under water, jumps out, spreads in the air fins-wings, and flies a little silver airplane. She is saved from the enemies. Tens or even hundreds of meters can fly high above the water fish-plane. That’s just to steer it in the air can not and sometimes casually flops on the deck of the ship.

Stingrays. In the body of a Stingray hidden something like living batteries. A lot of them. Individually weak, and all of us together make quite a strong current. Their electrical weapons SKAT sets in motion, if feeling threatened or while hunting. The kick is so strong that instantly kills the fish. And man can knock out. But there are live batteries an instant. Long then the slope has to accumulate electricity. Continue reading

Butterfly fish Chaetodontidae

One of the brightest and most beautiful families of marine fishes, the calling card of coral reefs, has 10 genera and 130 species. In classical works of butterfly fish are often combined with fish-angels, are not inferior to them in beauty and brightness of color, with whom they have many common morphological features. Butterfly fish distributed mainly in the Indian and Pacific oceans, however they are found and the Atlantic, not only in tropical and subtropical and in temperate waters. All species found in the coastal strip, mainly inhabiting community of coral reefs and rocky outcrops. They are very conservative, do not make migrations and adhering to the same area in a lifetime. Live alone, not forming flocks and swarms. Are a daily way of life. These fish feed on various invertebrates, which are usually extracted from the crevices and other hideouts, to collect on the surface or reefs eat parasites from the skin of large fish.

Medium-sized fish, 7 to 30 centimeters, with high, strongly compressed laterally body. Rostral part of the head elongated into a tube, at the end of which is a small mouth. Dorsal fin undivided, stretches along the torso, sometimes has an extended front end, resembling a pen. Continue reading