The underwater world of the sea

Marine aquarium
MARINE AQUARIUM, a vessel for keeping marine animals and plants. Is usually large in size (200 litres), as its inhabitants usually larger than the inhabitants of freshwater aquariums. Compared to…

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Butterfly fish Chaetodontidae
One of the brightest and most beautiful families of marine fishes, the calling card of coral reefs, has 10 genera and 130 species. In classical works of butterfly fish are…

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Goldfish

The Chinese carp is found in its original form in Korea, China and Japan. This crucian carp in nature has a Golden hue, especially in shallow, well warmed by the sun waters. Goldfish as a domesticated form of carp, judging by some reports, developed in Korea where, apparently for the first time, these taking advantage of the variability of carp in coloration and body shape, engaged in the culture of ornamental carp. Genuine development (in some exotic species) goldfish reached in the Eastern countries.

Bred goldfish in ponds and garden ponds in the estates of the nobility and wealthy people. Further spread of the goldfish was facilitated by itinerant hawkers. In buckets on the rocker arms they carried the fish through towns and villages. Thus goldfish broke into the homes of ordinary people. Fish were kept in wooden, glass and porcelain vessels, which are the predecessors of modern domestic aquaria. This popularity and widespread fishes contributed to the successful breeding of various breeds, striking beauty, forms and colouring, be sure to see the photos of goldfish. Continue reading

The construction of ponds for fish farming

The pond is an artificial pond created for fish breeding. For the construction of ponds it is best to use natural depressions, such as depressions and gullies. It is preferable to find such hollows near rivers, to avoid problems during the flooding of the ponds. Such ponds are called riparian. For the formation of floodplain ponds enough to block the earthworks elevated part of the shore. In front of an earthen embankment will be saved by river, atmospheric, ground water. In such ponds it is good to raise warm-water fish species.

In that case, if a future pond removed from river beds, it can be used other sources of flooding. Key ponds filled by water gushing from the ground up the keys, and brown – due to streams flowing across the land. Key ponds are created by the embankment and the strand by dividing creeks dams. These ponds are well used for the cultivation of Coldwater fish species.

Before you decide definitively on the choice of land where to locate the pond, it is necessary to conduct chemical analysis of water that will fill the pond. Water must be free from harmful impurities and chemical elements such as sulfur, chlorine, etc. Continue reading

Sea, river and lake fish

We all know that water is life. Without water can’t live no living creature. And the first life originated in water. Fish one of the many live organisms living in the aquatic environment. They live in the oceans and seas, rivers and lakes. You can see them in the pond and the stream, in the waters of caves and even in puddles. In nature, there are over 25,000 species of fish, and they are divided into two classes: Bony fish (more than 23 000 species); Cartilaginous fishes (9000 species).

To the class of cartilaginous fish include sharks, rays and chimeras. To the class of bony fish include salmon. okuneobraznyh. preobrazenie. clupeiformes. Cypriniformes, catfishes, wildcookie, flatfish, coloscopie.

Fish are cold blooded vertebrates. their streamlined body covered with scales. They breathe with gills, and with the help of fins and tail to swim. Water entering the body through the mouth, passes through the gills, and spilling over her holes. Oxygen enters the bloodstream of fish through the thin membrane of the gills. Do fish have paired fins (pectoral and abdominal), which are located on the sides and unpaired, located on the median vertical plane of the body (back, tail, and anal). Fins help fish to steer, brake, accelerate and keep the balance. Continue reading

The aquarium is the best decoration at home and office

The conditions of human life in the metropolis is very far from its natural habitat. Stress, nervosa, depression are an integral part of residents ‘ life. But what else to expect from things like traffic jams, crowding in the subway, outdoor advertising aggressively and journalists hyping crap up to the global crisis? Look from behind the curtained window of the apartment building onto the street. If you pushed the shutter, so here is another apartment building, “seashells”, the cars in the yard and rubbish bins.

The aquarium is primarily beautiful. Many believe that it is also unnecessary waste of resources, and a lot of hassle. But this is not always the case.

Use aquariums not only that they are pleasing to the eye. For example, in the office aquarium will accentuate the individuality of the owner, will show that taking care of living beings alien to him. Moreover, in the middle of a hard day contemplation peacefully floating fish helps you relax. Doctors say that looking at the inhabitants of the aquarium helps to normalize blood pressure. Continue reading

Ick saltwater fish

Causes: the Causative agent of this disease is Cryptocarion irritans, which is a kind of analogue of the freshwater “ihti”, parasitic on tropical marine fish. It looks similar to its freshwater counterpart, but smaller (0.5 mm), besides the horse-Shoe macronucleus cryptocaryon malorazlichimyh, while Ichthyophthirius it is visible quite clearly. But the cycles of development and lifestyle of Cryptocarion irritans and Ichthyophthirius multifiliis are the same.

Symptoms: Sick fish dotted with numerous, with a diameter of 0.5 mm, white small knobs. The infestation appears first on the fins, and later goes to the body.

Current: Cryptocarion irritans infects the gills and skin of marine fish. The causative agent is under the top layer of the epithelium is filled with a gelatinous mass of leathery bag.

This pathogen, due to the same lifestyle, same causes harm to as Ichthyophthirius multifiliis.

Treatment: Can be recommended transplanting method, ultraviolet irradiation or chemotherapy, as with Ichthyo – phthirius. Effective there is also treatment with 1.5 mg/l of copper sulfate. Continue reading