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Butterfly fish Chaetodontidae

One of the brightest and most beautiful families of marine fishes, the calling card of coral reefs, has 10 genera and 130 species. In classical works of butterfly fish are often combined with fish-angels, are not inferior to them in beauty and brightness of color, with whom they have many common morphological features. Butterfly fish distributed mainly in the Indian and Pacific oceans, however they are found and the Atlantic, not only in tropical and subtropical and in temperate waters. All species found in the coastal strip, mainly inhabiting community of coral reefs and rocky outcrops. They are very conservative, do not make migrations and adhering to the same area in a lifetime. Live alone, not forming flocks and swarms. Are a daily way of life. These fish feed on various invertebrates, which are usually extracted from the crevices and other hideouts, to collect on the surface or reefs eat parasites from the skin of large fish.

Medium-sized fish, 7 to 30 centimeters, with high, strongly compressed laterally body. Rostral part of the head elongated into a tube, at the end of which is a small mouth. Dorsal fin undivided, stretches along the torso, sometimes has an extended front end, resembling a pen. Continue reading

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