Ick saltwater fish

Causes: the Causative agent of this disease is Cryptocarion irritans, which is a kind of analogue of the freshwater “ihti”, parasitic on tropical marine fish. It looks similar to its freshwater counterpart, but smaller (0.5 mm), besides the horse-Shoe macronucleus cryptocaryon malorazlichimyh, while Ichthyophthirius it is visible quite clearly. But the cycles of development and lifestyle of Cryptocarion irritans and Ichthyophthirius multifiliis are the same.

Symptoms: Sick fish dotted with numerous, with a diameter of 0.5 mm, white small knobs. The infestation appears first on the fins, and later goes to the body.

Current: Cryptocarion irritans infects the gills and skin of marine fish. The causative agent is under the top layer of the epithelium is filled with a gelatinous mass of leathery bag.

This pathogen, due to the same lifestyle, same causes harm to as Ichthyophthirius multifiliis.

Treatment: Can be recommended transplanting method, ultraviolet irradiation or chemotherapy, as with Ichthyo – phthirius. Effective there is also treatment with 1.5 mg/l of copper sulfate. Continue reading

The food chain, Sea

“Natural systems” – Global. The continents and oceans. Zonal natural complexes. Savannah. The natural areas. Climate. Taiga. Major. The lower part of the atmosphere. Flora. The Arctic desert. “Component”-in translation from Latin means “a constituent part of a whole”. J. Lamarck. Mixed and wide kristenye forest. The whole biosphere.

“Diversity of organisms” – Plants. HOMEWORK: PREPARE FOR WRITTEN TEST EXAMINATION OF THE ENTRIES IN THE NOTEBOOK. 2. Aquatic environment (fish, shellfish, seaweed, whales, jellyfish, etc.). Viruses. 4. Land-air-water (waterfowl, dragonflies, mosquitoes, etc.). 3. Terrestrial-aquatic (amphibians, crocodiles, marine turtles, etc.).

“Habitat” organisms – Each organism adapted to life in a particular environment. Environment – the conditions surrounding the organism. Distinguish between land– air, water and soil environment. Adaptations of plants. Well developed organs: root, stem, leaves, etc. Adaptations for pollination: bright color of flowers, the fragrance of Fixtures to maintain moisture. Continue reading

Catfish: aquarium species

Almost all members of the family of catfish unpretentious, so they are recommended even for beginner aquarists. But still some features to care for them.

In a group of catfish includes more than 200 species of fish, but in the aquarium you can hold not all members of this family. This is due to the physiological characteristics of individual species.

Some catfish in adulthood reach an impressive size, so they begin to pose a danger to small inhabitants of the aquarium. In addition, there are breeds which differ quite aggressive in nature, so they too are not suitable for keeping with other fish.

Popular species of catfish

Of course, you can only breed catfish, but the majority of aquarists prefer to choose peaceful members of this large family that they get along with other Pets.

The most popular species suitable for aquarium rearing are: Continue reading